Coastal Treasures | A Brief History of the Martello Towers

Our exploration of heritage along the Irish coast begins with the Martello Towers. Maybe you’ve seen one or two of these peculiar round structures while on the Dart along Dublin bay, but have you ever wondered why they were built?  Well, these fascinating buildings are Martello Towers.

martello towers

A Martello Tower: The James Joyce Tower is found at Sandycove,Dublin

In the early 19th Century, War was raging between Napoleon’s France and England. Fearing that Ireland was under threat of French invasion the towers were built as defensive structures starting in 1804. Around 45 towers were built around the Irish coastline including Dublin, Cork, Galway, Clare, Wicklow and Wexford. With a total of 26 towers were built from Balbriggan to Bray, as Dublin Bay was considered most vulnerable.

The design of these towers dates back to the round defensive towers built in Corsica in around the 16th century and the name is thought to come from Cape Martella. Many of these towers remain standing today.

A few have been refurbished as act as private homes others as rented accommodation, while others are open to the public as museums. A few remain maintained but are currently unused.



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The View: From the top of the James Joyce Tower.  Pretty good!

One we certainly recommend to visit is the James Joyce Tower in Sandycove. It’s been turned into a museum and is accessible to the public. It’s free admission and the tower itself is featured in his book Ulysses. Visitors are allowed to climb the (very!) narrow winding stairs to the top, and on a sunny day the views of Dublin Bay are unrivalled!

For more information: James Joyce tower.com

About the Author

Ann Robinson
Has a passion for coastal heritage and maritime history. Loves sharing the best of the Irish coast online. Contact me ann@coastmonkey.ie or follow me on Twitter @AnnRobinson22